Te Kupenga a Te Huki
The Network of Te Huki
by Ross Himona, "Te Putatara", 20 February 1989
1944, J.H.Mitchell (Tiaki Hikawera Mitira), Takitimu: a History of the Ngati Kahungunu People, A.H.& A.W.Reed Ltd, Wellington.
Taraia and Te Huki - a Carved Poupou
This carved wall post (poupou) is in Te Whare O Rangi (Rangi's House) which is the ancestral meeting house at Te Aute College at Pukehou, Hawke's Bay. The upper figure is Taraia, great grandson of Kahungunu. Taraia established the tribe of Ngati Kahungunu in Hawke's Bay. The lower figure is Te Huki.
Ko Tamatea-Ariki-Nui ko Rongokako ko Tamatea-Pokai-Whenua ko Kahungunu ko Kahukuranui = Ruatapuwahine (1st wife) ko Rakaihikuroa 1. ko Tupurupuru 2. ko TARAIA 3. ko Te-Ao-Matarahi 4. ko Hine-te-Raraku
Te Huki's Whakapapa
Ko Tamatea-Ariki-Nui = Toto ko Rongokako = Muriwhenua ko Tamatea-pokai-whenua = (2nd wife) Iwipupu ko Kahungunu = Rongomaiwahine ko Kahukuranui = Tu-teihonga ko Rakaipaka = Turumakina |_________________ | | ko Hauiti | ko Rongotipare | ko Mawete =========== Kaukohea | ko Tu-te-kanao = Tama-te-ahirau ko Tureia = Hinekimihanga | ko TE HUKI = Te Rangi-tohumare (1st wife) 1. Puruaute 2. Mataitai 3. Hine-raru 4. Te Hauwai-tanoa = Te Ropuhina (2nd wife) 1. Te Rakato 2. Tureia (2) 3. Te Rehu = Rewanga (3rd wife) 1. Te Kai-nui 2. Te Umu-papaKo Te Rakato = Ika-atahua ko Meke ko Tuhene ko Maata-te-kai ko Rawinia ko Keita ko J.H.Mitchell
The Story of Te Huki
Te Huki, a celebrated ancestor of Te Wairoa district of the Ngati Kahungunu tribe, descended in an unblemished line from our ancestor Kahungunu, and his greatest achievement was to create unity through networking.
With diplomacy, foresight and dedication, he created a network by intermarrying himself, his sons and his daughters into many tribes covering a wide area. This became known as "the setting of the net of Te Huki". It is the ancient way of networking.
In his youth Te Huki lived in the Mohaka area. He was not a warrior and like his sister Te Rauhina (wife of the chief Tapuwae), was more interested in peace and love. Te Huki set about his virtuous task by marrying the daughters of influential chiefs. His first wife was Te Rangi-tohumare, granddaughter of Te Whatuiapiti, eponymous ancestor of the Ngai Te Whatuiapiti tribe of Heretaunga. Next he married Te Ropuhina, a chief of Nuhaka, and finally Rewanga who was the daughter of Te Aringa-i-waho, chief of Titirangi at Gisborne.
In order to maintain his network Te Huki did not take his wives to his home or settle permanently himself. Instead he attended to his wives by visiting each in turn, and thus maintained his network over the then vast area from Turanganui to Heretaunga.
With Te Rangi-tohumare their first son was Purua-aute who settled in the Wairoa district and married Te Mata-kainga-ite-tihi, who was the daughter of the chief, Tapuwae. Purua-aute became the centre float of the spreading net of Te Huki, and from Purua-aute descended many of the chiefs of Te Wairoa and Heretaunga.
The second son of Te Huki and Te Rangi-tohumare was Mataitai who was placed at Mahia and from whom descended Chief Ihaka Whaanga and others.
The next was a daughter. Hine-raru, whom Te Huki took to Porangahau to marry Hopara. From this union came the grandson Ngarangi-whakaupoko who became at Te Poroporo near Porangahau the post at the southern end of Te Huki's Net. From the southern post sprang many chiefs, among them Tipene Matua, Henare Te Atua, Te Ropiha and Te Kuru.
With Te Ropuhina at Nuhaka Te Huki had three sons. They were Te Ra-ka-to who lived at Mahia and became the eponymous ancestor of the Ngai Te Ra-ka-to tribe, Tureia who lived at Nuhaka, and Te Rehu also of Nuhaka and who became the eponymous ancestor of Ngai Te Rehu tribe.
At Turanganui, Te Huki and Rewanga had a daughter named Te Umu-papa who married Marukawiti, son of Kanohi. From this union came Ngawhaka-tatare who was the eastern post of Te Huki's Net. From Nawhaka-tatare descended the famous chief Te Kani-a-takirau and others.
Te Kupenga-a-Te Huki is a network which to this day, more than twelve generations later, still serves to unite the people.
Te Huki personally created his network over three generations. This must surely have been his life's work. Today with modern technology, communications and transport we are able to build upon and reinforce the ancient networks. It is so much easier, yet so often neglected.